10 Famous Historical Places In India You Must Visit In 2020
India is known to be a country of exceptional cultural richness with magnanimous palaces, medieval forts and grand structures adorning every corner of the majestic country. These monuments exemplify the great history of the country and display enthralling stories of strength, bravery, culture and romantic gestures.
From magnificent Mughal architecture to beautiful Buddhist structures and intricate Hindu temples, nothing can match the diversity that India has to offer. Spreading from North to south, and east to west, there are so many places in India worth visiting, that one trip would simply not be enough.
These structures have braved the ravages of time and stand tall to tell the story of a bygone era of heroes, princesses and dark academia. If one is looking to get drenched in the rich culture of this country or is inclined towards history, then one should head on to as many of these sights as one can. This article outlines some of the best and most famous historical places in India.
1. Taj Mahal, Agra
Having the attention of explorers throughout the world, Taj Mahal is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Probably ranking the highest in every list, this place is the hallmark of romance and unconditional love. The grandeur of this glorious sight stays unmatched and it stands tall, pristine at the historical city of Agra. This can be a weekend getaway from Delhi. Built-in 1632, this marble structure was conceived by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his loving wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Taking a whopping 22 years for its completion, legends say that the emperor got the hands of the workers who built this structure cut off, to prevent any possibility of a similar structure being built.
2. Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh
To experience the real richness and heritage of the Mughal era, one cannot miss the walled Agra fort. It is one of the most famous historical places in India. One unique feature about it is its entire composition of red sandstone. Built by Emperor Akbar, the palace opens entry to visitors via two ornate gates called the Amar Singh and Delhi gate. This fort has served as a shoot location for several visual media and is a sight to behold.
3. Red Fort, Delhi
The construction of this fort took somewhere around 10 years. It was constructed because of the capital shifting from Agra to Delhi under the tutelage of Emperor Shah Jahan. Located in Delhi, this site serves as the location for the flag hoisting and President’s speech on Independence Day. This remarkable structure was white as it was built by limestone but was painted red by the British.
4. Qutub Minar, Delhi
This humungous awe-inspiring structure is a fine example of the fusion of Indian and Mughal architecture. It is one of the tallest structures in India and boasts of intricate designs on its red sandstone storeys. These designs hold Quran verses and carvings in Arabic. It is named after North India’s first Muslim ruler. Further, the Qutub Minar complex comprises of several other heritage monuments of the Mughal’s time, as well as the iron pillar of Ashoka’s time. This has not been corroded since 2000 years. India’s first mosque, Quwwat-ul-Islam is present there too.
5. Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi
A breathtaking amalgamation of Indo-Persian architecture, this tomb was commissioned to be built by Hamida Banu, Humayun’s wife, for her husband. This 15th-century marvel is composed of beautiful alcoves, ornate domes and amazing pathways and gardens. The beginning of the Humayun’s tomb complex also consists of Isa Khan’s tomb, which is extremely beautiful. There are other tombs and courtyards as well. The sheer precision of its symmetry is fascinating. It is believed to be one of the major inspirations for building the Taj Mahal.
6. Fatehpuri Sikri, Uttar Pradesh
Emperor Akbar had bestowed the city of Fatehpur Sikri with capital status during his reign. This royal walled city is a surreal experience. Consisting of numerous palaces, mosques and the housing of the Army and the King, this city has numerous stories behind every structure it holds. It was later abandoned due to a water crisis; however, its ornate buildings, decorative pillars and other heritage sites have been preserved in all their raw glory. The famous Sufi saint Salim Chisti’s dargah is also present here.
7. Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
Also referred to as the ‘Palace of Winds’, this palace is believed to have been built for women to have a look of the city of Jaipur, as they were confined from showing their face due to the custom of purdah. The palace is shaped like a honeycomb and comprises of 953 intricate windows. Built under the ideation of Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, it is shaped like his crown. This structure is believed to be the world’s tallest foundation less structure. Now an extremely popular tourist sight, there are numerous cafes and restaurants right opposite the palace, so that one can sit down and enjoy its serene beauty.
8. Khajuraho Temples, Madhya Pradesh
These temples exemplify India’s status as the host of Kama sutra and sensual art. Although this place boasts of sculptures of eroticism and love; these are not the only themes it comprises of. There are several sculptures displaying love, grace, beauty in all its forms and is an architectural marvel. It reinstates India’s status as a land of artists and creativity. Further, it has ornate carvings of Apsaras and Gods. The city was plump with date palm trees in older times and hence was named after the Hindi word ‘Khajura’ meaning dates.
9. Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh
This is the place of great spiritual significance for Buddhists. It is home to Buddha’s relics and was built for Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC. The Stupa’s dome is believed to signify freedom from the circle of life and death, one of Buddha’s teachings. Further, its entryways comprise of scenes from Jataka tales and incidents from Buddha’s life.
10. Konark Temple, Odisha
Another ancient architectural marvel, this is one of the famous historical places in India on the Bay of Bengal coast. It was built by over 1200 artisans under King Narsimha. The temple is ethereal and a beautiful sight to behold. The temple’s base has wheels which are sundials that can still denote time.
Q. Where are the most famous historical places in India?
Ans. India being a diverse country hosts attraction of interest throughout the country, some in the north, south, as well as the centre.
Q. How to reach these places?
Ans. Almost all of these places are located in big cities housing airports of their own. Hence, one can catch a flight to the respective city or other modes of transport such as buses, trains, etc.
Q. Are there any entry fees for visiting these places?
Ans. The government does charge a nominal fee for entry to these places, which is used for their maintenance and upkeep.
Q. When to visit these places?
Ans. Although all of these places are extremely beautiful and can be visited throughout the year, however, India is a country of extreme weather conditions so, it is recommended to visit during winter months to have a pleasant experience.
Q. Are these places heritage sites?
Ans. All of these historical places are, in fact, UNESCO world heritage sites.